How your undergraduate fees are spent

Breaking down our costs

Universities have a range of income sources, one of which is student fees. Other income sources include direct government funding, research grants and consultancy work. In recent years, the proportion of income coming from student fees has risen and the level of direct government funding has decreased. Student fees alone do not cover the full costs of teaching. It is the combination of student fees and direct government funding which enables us to provide students with an excellent learning experience, with high-quality teaching in a modern, well-equipped environment.

Costs for home undergraduate students

Our percentages graph shows how full-time undergraduate fees of £9,250 for home students are spent. Our tables show this information in more detail, with the cost covered by direct government funding shown separately. International students pay higher fees, with the additional fees going towards additional recruitment and support costs.

Percentages graph

54% Learning and teaching
10.8% Operational support
8.1% Estates
7.6% IT
6% Library and learner support
6% Widening access
3% Wellbeing and facilities
2.5% Student recruitment and marketing
1% Careers
1% Union of Students

Learning, teaching and student experience

AreaCostPercentage of total fees
Learning and teaching £5,024 54%
Library and learner support £524 6%
Widening access £536 6%
Wellbeing and facilities £297 3%
Careers £126 1%
Union of Students £61 1%
TOTAL for Learning, teaching and student experience £6,568 71%
  • Learning and teaching: includes the costs of staff who teach and directly support your learning (eg lecturers and technicians), course materials and costs associated with running your course, the creation and continued enhancement of teaching spaces you use as part of your course (eg lecture theatres and specialist spaces) and graduation ceremonies
  • Library and learner support: the learning space itself and costs required to run this, student experience and assessing the academic quality and standards of your course
  • Widening access: bursaries for eligible students and widening participation activity, learning resource vouchers
  • Wellbeing and facilities: eg Transport, Student Centre, Chaplaincy, Sports Development, Student Wellbeing
  • Careers: Careers Advice, Student Employment Agency and Undergraduate Research Scholarship Scheme (URSS)
  • Union of Students: the University's contribution to the running costs (excludes costs of providing office space)

Estates and IT

AreaCostPercentage of total fees
Estates £748 8.1%
IT £700 7.6%
TOTAL for Estates and IT £1,448 15.7%
  • Estates: the running costs for the University buildings, eg security, maintenance, cleaning, utilities and investment in new build and enhancements to the estate
  • IT (information technology): IT equipment, audio-visual equipment, IT licences and support

Other running costs

AreaCostPercentage of total fees
Operational support £999 10.8%
Student recruitment and marketing £235 2.5%
TOTAL for other running costs £1,234 13.3%
  • Operational support: Registry (eg Student Records and Admissions), HR, Finance and Executive
  • Student recruitment and marketing: Campaigns, Open Days, Clearing, events, communications, recruitment activity

Total cost of provision

Income sourceIncome
Total cost paid for via student fees £9,250
Cost covered by other funding sources £711
TOTAL cost of provision £9,961