I was trained and educated in Turkey, Netherlands, Italy, UK and the USA. I was Impact Fellow at the University of Stirling in my previous employment. I held visiting academic posts at the Department of Sociology, University of Oxford and the School of Criminal Justice, Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey. I am a Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts and Member of the Council for the Defence of British Universities and Academics Stand Against Poverty. I am also Research Associate at the Scottish Centre for Crime and Justice Research (SCCJR). I am Visiting Professor (2018-2019) at the Department of Culture and Society, University of Palermo. I am an interdisciplinary scholar and I am broadly interested in questioning the everyday life and exploring how the codes of ideal justice and sociocultural harmony promote peace and better life opportunities in plural societies, whereas other fragile societies embark upon a dreadful journey of social and cultural trauma in other parts of the world.
I oversee the Master of Research Programme in Social Sciences and Humanities. I am currently Module Leader for Research Philosophy and Methodology and Introduction to Research Methods modules. I am also teaching the Sociology of Violence, Doing Grounded Theory, and Computer Programmes for Qualitative Data masterclasses.
I would welcome PhD applications in the following areas:
- The Sociology of Violence
- Crime, Law, and Social Change
- Social Justice
- Organised Crime
- Social Movements
- Civil Society
- Middle Eastern Studies
- Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey
- Italian Society and Politics
- Social and Cultural Anthropology
- Social and Political Theory
- Politics, Economy, Philosophy
- Innovative Social Research Methods
My research has been funded by a couple of prestigious fellowships. I received a research grant from Sos Impresa, which is a prominent civil society organisation founded in Palermo against usury and organised crime. The University of Camerino has also recognised my research initiatives and its impact by giving Human Resource Excellence in Research Award in 2011. I received a research grant from the British Academy to conduct archival research for two years in the Ottoman and Italian archives.
I have an interdisciplinary research agenda that covers the sub-fields of sociology, anthropology, history, criminology, politics, law and philosophy.
- Law, Society & Philosophy
- "Crime" and conflict in human geography
- Sociology of Gangs and Mafias
- Critical and symbolic interactionism
- Cultural Sociology/Criminology
- Crime in Comparative and Historical Studies
- Social and Political Theory
- Criminology & Criminal Justice
- Social & Cultural Anthropology
- Ottoman Empire and the Middle East
- Terrorism and Security Studies
- Human Trafficking and Undocumented Immigrants
- Crime Prevention and Civil Society
- Politics & Public Policy
- Transnational Crime
- International and Area Studies
- Crime and Society in the Ottoman Empire
- Crime and Ethnography
Additional interests and activities
My second research line aims to elucidate the determinants of social and cultural dissent. The unexpected social, political and cultural changes emerge as the driving forces of social turmoil in different societies. My research focuses on the culture of dissent as the principal concept while exploring the process of oppression and its enduring outcomes. The development of new global markets, the prevalence of neocapitalism, advances in transportation and communication, foundation of new political regimes and the quest of social, political and cultural rights have created and transformed the culture of dissent throughout modern history. Exploring diverse facets of crime, resistance, public panic, political and sociocultural changes, my research aims to scrutinise how a local and global reaction of the oppression expresses its grievances and resonates its idiosyncratic formations through a set of symbols and rituals in social, political and cultural life.
Reviews Based on ARCs:
"A serious-minded and sophisticated treatment of significant and controversial subject" - Richard English, author of Does Terrorism Work? A History
"Violence and Militants offers the reader an exciting reading experience to uncover the ravages of catastrophe" - James Ian Ross, author of Terrorism: An Interdisciplinary Perspective
"Baris Cayli’s approach through the prism of cultural and structural violence brings the kind of comparative study that I haven’t seen anywhere else." - Christophe Chowanietz, author of Bombs, Bullets, and Politicians
"The great strength of Violence and Militants is the way in which it utilizes the concepts of both cultural and structural violence and applies them to different instances of violence committed by militant groups across time and space." - Monica Ingber, author of The Politics of Conflict
- Baris Cayli. The Sicilian Rebellion: Fighting the Mafia Everyday. (In progress)
This is my current book project. I have been working on this project for 10 years. It is based on my ethnographic research in Sicily. I would like to explore how Sicilian people, politicians, artists, local journalists, activists, civil society organisations, digital media, cultural and bureaucratic institutions develop policies to fight the Mafia and mafiosi culture. This book project aims to uncover the hope, fear, and unyielding resistance of Sicilians who have witnessed violence, bloodshed, and injustice for so long. Their experience of cultural trauma and their long struggle against the Mafia carry a universal meaning and share a common ground with other people who strive for a positive change in traumatic social geographies across the world.
I aim to take the reader on a historical and contemporary journey through exploring glorious cultural elements of Sicily, its dysfunctional political system, defeats against the criminalised order, and courageous examples of rebellion to defy the Mafia. Thanks to these rebellious attempts, many mafiosi lost their traditional authority and notorious power. Yet the Mafia is still strong and there are still uncovered factors to explain how different actors struggle to destroy the Mafia in the contested political, social, legal, and cultural landscape of Sicily. This project endeavours to unveil these factors and, in doing so, enlighten the universal codes of human resistance when societal shifts leave their mark on troubled territories and collective memory dramatically.
Long peer-reviewed journal articles
- Cayli, Baris. (2018) "Crime, Bandits, and Community: How Public Panic Shaped the Social Control of Territory in the Ottoman Empire", Territory, Politics, Governance (First online)
- Cayli, Baris., Hargreaves, C., and Hodgson, P. (2018) "Body-Worn Cameras: Determining the Democratic Habitus of Policing" Safer Communities 17(4): 213-223.
- Cayli, Baris., Hodgson, P., and Walsh, D. (2018) "Social Unrest in the UK and Turkey: Rethinking Police Violence against Dissident Communities" Comparative Sociology 17(2): 159-186.
- Cayli, Baris (2018) "Peasants, Bandits, and State Intervention: The Consolidation of Authorirty in the Ottoman Balkans and Southern Italy" Journal of Agrarian Change 18(2): 425-443.
- Cayli, Baris (2017) "Victims and Protest in a Social Space: Revisiting the Sociology of Emotions" Emotion, Space and Society 22(1): 61-70.
- Cayli, Baris (2017) "The Zones of Fragility: Outlaws and the Forms of Violence in the Ottoman Empire" Journal of Historical Sociology 30(4): 724-745.
- Cayli, Baris (2016) "Performance Matters More Than Masculinity: Violence, Gender Dynamics and Mafia Women" Aggression & Violent Behavior 29: 26-42.
- Cayli, Baris. (2016) "Codes of Commitment to Crime and Resistance: Determining Social and Cultural Factors over the Behaviors of Italian Mafia Women" Deviant Behavior 37(1): 1-15.
- Cayli, Baris. (2015) “The Ravages of Social Catastrophe: Striving for the Quest of 'Another World” Philosophy & Social Criticism 41(9): 963-980.
- Cayli, Baris. (2014) "Renewing Criminalized and Hegemonic Cultural Landscapes" Critical Criminology 22(4): 579-593.
- Cayli, Baris. (2013) "Using Sports against the Italian Mafia: Policies and Challenges on the Path of Cultural Renewal" Sociology of Sport Journal 30(4): 435-466.
- Cayli, Baris. (2013) "Creating Counterpublics against the Italian Mafia: Cultural Conquerors of Web-Based Media"Javnost-the Public 20(3): 59-76.
- Cayli, Baris. (2013) "Italian civil society against the Mafia: From perceptions to expectations" International Journal of Law, Crime and Justice 41(1): 81-99.
- Cayli, Baris. (2012) "Resistance against the Mafia: A Civic Struggle to Defy an Uncontestable Power" Anthropological Journal of European Cultures 21(1):103-125.
- Cayli, Baris. (2012) "The Impossible Mission: Global Justice Movement against Transnational Organized Crime" New Global Studies 6(1):1-23.
- Cayli, Baris. (2011) "Anti-Mafia Policies in Italy: The Need for Collaborative Governance and Transition of the Policy Actors from Isolation to Coalition" European Journal of Crime, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice 19(1): 15-36.
- Cayli, Baris. (2010) "Social Networks of the Italian Mafia: The Strong and Weak Parts" CEU Political Science Journal 5(3): 382-413.
Book chapters, research reports and book reviews
- Cayli, Baris (2019) Review of "How Violence Shapes Religion" (Cambridge University Press) by Ziya Meral. LSE Review of Books.
- Cayli, Baris (2019) "Body-Worn Cameras: A Litmus Test for the Democratic Habitus of Policing" Discover Society.
- Cayli, Baris (2018) Review of "The Mafia Life: Love, Death, Money at the Heart of Organized Crime" by Federico Varese (Profile Books), LSE Review of Books.
- Nunn, A., Cayli, B., Dodsley, T., Hargreaves, C. (2018) "Effectiveness of MFC Services to Reduce School Exclusion among the Roma Community in Derby" Research Report. Derby: Multi-Faith Centre.
- Cayli, Baris (2018) Review of "The Invisible Camorra: Neapolitan Crime Families across Europe" by Felia Allum (Cornell University Press), International Sociology 33(5): 583-595.
- Cayli, Baris (2017) "The Relationship between Power and the Perception of Identity: The Case of the Italian Mafioso", in Identity and Identification, eds. A. Mateso-Aparicio et al. (Castilla-La Mancha: Ediciones de la Universidad), pp.25-37.
- Cayli, Baris. (2017) “When a Journalist defies more than the mafia: The legacy of Giuseppe Fava and Italian Antimafia Culture” ed. R. Pickering-Iazzi, in The Italian Antimafia, New Media and the Culture of Legality. Toronto:University of Toronto Press.
- Cayli, Baris. (2014) "Global South/Global North" in Cousins, Linwood H. and Golson, J. Geoffrey, (eds.) Encyclopedia of Human Services and Diversity. Thousands Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, pp. 590-592.
- Cayli, Baris. (2014) "The Role of Cultural Capital" in Cousins, Linwood H. and Golson, J. Geoffrey, (eds.) Encyclopedia of Human Services and Diversity. Thousands Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, pp. 301-302.