Sea Life Centre Partnership video transcript

00:00

My name is Ibrahim Fetid and I’m from the

00:01

University of Derby and I'm 21 years old.

00:03

I'm doing the degree in Zoology at the

00:05

moment. I'm a third year and at the

00:08

moment I'm doing my IS project which is

00:11

involved with the University of Derby

00:12

and I'm doing it at sea life in Birmingham.

00:13

I'm looking at the stress levels of

00:16

black tip reef sharks in accordance to

00:18

the abundance of people and the noise

00:21

levels within the enclosure. It

00:23

basically involves husbandry techniques

00:25

feeding of the Sharks obviously the food

00:27

preparation as well but my actual

00:29

project was to come into the

00:33

enclosure into the tunnel and actually

00:35

identify each individual shark. I would

00:38

use their dorsal fin and a black tip on

00:41

their dorsal fin is basically the

00:43

identification point so it's basic like

00:45

a fingerprint for humans so it's unique

00:49

to every individual because I use the

00:50

technique called Image Jay and Image

00:52

Jay what it does is it has the

00:54

colorations of the black tip on the

00:57

dorsal fin of the shark and it just

00:59

shows you every unique pattern.

01:01

Documentation techniques basically

01:03

involved observational techniques so I

01:05

would come in for example nine o'clock

01:07

in the morning and I would identify the

01:11

sharks using the black tips and I'd do a

01:13

continuous observation so I'll start

01:16

with five minute intervals and I'll

01:18

actually record the sharks and their

01:19

behaviour and just record any

01:21

abnormalities. At the moment there is 14 black

01:24

tip reef sharks in the enclosure

01:25

which is the biggest amount of most

01:27

amount in Europe and currently three are

01:30

pregnant with one of them being due next

01:33

month and this is really really

01:35

important,

01:36

not only in terms of conservation but

01:38

in terms of having sharks breeding and

01:42

providing offspring which then can be

01:44

transferred to different

01:46

enclosures which is increase the

01:47

abundance of the amount  

01:49

obviously in the wildlife if 

01:51

reintroduction of techniques are used as

01:53

well. It's important to identify the shark

01:56

within the enclosure just just in case

01:58

if a minor mishap happens they can

02:01

straight away identify the shark and get

02:03

to the root of the problem. It's also

02:05

good for conservation reasons as in

02:07

obviously another key was

02:10

identification factor they can go out in

02:11

a while and actually identify the

02:13

individuals and see how their behaviour

02:15

changes with different independent

02:17

factors so whether it's fishing because

02:21

they're not they're not in a sense

02:23

commercially big in a sense of fishery

02:26

but they are actually caught

02:29

when the

02:30

fisherman - hunting father things

02:32

so in that sense is really important to

02:35

conserve the species as well.

02:36

 

02:37

My name is James Robson. I'm the curator

02:39

here at the National Sea Life Centre of

02:41

Birmingham. So my role here is curator as

02:43

I'm looking after the whole collection

02:44

so that's all the animals within the

02:46

group and we've got a really nice

02:47

diverse collection in this aquarium

02:48

which makes it really really helpful for

02:50

things like when we're doing research

02:51

because we can offer a real wide range

02:53

of taxa to work on. A lot of the work we

02:55

do is actually behind the scenes and

02:57

this is part of a behind the scenes area

02:58

so we call this the quarantine area and

03:00

the way this really operates is any new

03:02

animals that come into the collection so

03:04

if we've been sent from another sub

03:05

group from from Europe or somewhere else

03:07

we'll come here first we'll observe them.

03:09

We'll make sure they're feeling well

03:10

we'll make sure they've got no parasites,

03:11

any diseases before they go out on to

03:13

display. Another operation for this area

03:16

is this is where we would conduct any

03:18

research work we want to do so so we

03:20

want to do a feeding trial to see how

03:23

they respond to different types of food.

03:24

We'd much rather do it behind the scenes

03:25

were a bit more controlled, it's a bit

03:27

nicer for the animals and it's not on

03:29

display so this is essentially where

03:30

we'll do any treatments, any husbandry

03:33

but we'll also do our research work. So

03:36

we've got to be of a cornucopia going on

03:37

in here at the moment it's a real wide

03:39

group of animals so right now we've got

03:42

some animals that are going to go on

03:43

to display in the next couple of weeks

03:45

and it's just a mix of reef fish a small

03:47

reef fish we've been rearing them on so

03:50

we've got them in as a sort of juvenile

03:51

larvae stage we've been rearing them on

03:53

there now got to a size where we can put

03:55

them on display and share them out and

03:56

put them on a certain display tanks up

03:58

in the coral caves. We've also got just

04:01

towards the back we've got some corals

04:02

live corals and an anemone that's going

04:04

to be going into our new soft coral

04:06

display that's that's again up in the

04:07

coral cave area and then over my

04:09

shoulder behind me we've got some

04:11

freshwater rays that is part of the

04:13

reason we've split them up is they're

04:14

breeding at the moment so once the

04:15

female is pregnant the best thing to do

04:17

is take the male away because what the

04:19

male to do is just keep bothering the

04:20

female so we take the male off show and

04:22

we essentially rest the female give her

04:23

a break,

04:24

allows her to basically produce the

04:26

young. Once she's produced the young then

04:27

we can reintroduce the male if you want

04:29

to breed them again and then on my left

04:30

we've got a series of more tanks and that's

04:33

a mixture of native species. We've got

04:35

blue spot ribbon tails which are a

04:37

tropical stingray and it's part of a

04:40

very important study group so

04:41

we've had them for about six month

04:43

now and we've got a mixture of five

04:46

females to one male and that allows us

04:48

to make sure that whichever pups we get

04:50

from that particular female is

04:52

definitely only from one male and that's

04:53

really important for managing

04:55

genetics so when the pups are born when

04:57

the babies are born their little tiny

04:58

rays we're going to chip them so we know

05:00

exactly which one is which and then when

05:02

we send them out into Europe we can

05:03

track their life for the hopefully

05:05

generations to come.

05:06

So they just here now we're just just

05:08

resting them again at the moment because

05:10

they're ready to pup.

05:11

We've been ultrasounding the females so

05:13

we know that of the females we've got

05:14

four pregnant females which have

05:16

produced about 12 pups so 12 juvenile

05:19

stingrays. My name is Dr. Michael Sweet

05:23

I'm a university lecturer at Derby. I work

05:26

mainly on invertebrates but we look into

05:28

all aspects of diseases and climate

05:31

change and we're now branching more into

05:33

the aquarium and that section as

05:35

well. So we're really excited about this

05:38

extra part of the collaboration with Sea

05:40

Life and we've designed a whole room,

05:43

quite a large room really almost the

05:45

size of this to turn into aquarium

05:48

research facility where we can

05:49

concentrate exactly on a specific

05:52

longer-term projects for our students,

05:54

for undergrads, masters all the way up to

05:57

PhD students. So we have started doing a

06:01

lot more behavioural studies now and

06:03

that's particularly with the interest

06:05

from the students they seem to be really

06:06

really keen on behavioural studies

06:08

and obviously of the larger animals as

06:11

well so that's the things like the

06:12

Otters, the Penguins and the Sharks and

06:15

so we do facilitate quite a lot of that

06:17

study and most of that is actually going

06:19

to be done on-site here at Birmingham

06:21

itself. As far as the work we can do in

06:25

the university we're going to look at

06:27

the smaller scale thing so for

06:29

example the development of the different

06:30

sharks and rays. We can bring them in

06:33

when they're in their little egg cases

06:34

we can monitor development and see about

06:37

hatching rates and under different

06:39

scenarios as well using real-time

06:41

climate change scenarios to see how

06:44

that's going to affect development

06:45

stages of these animals in the future.

06:47

Their benefit to Sea Life specifically

06:50

is obviously because our information

06:53

comes from two ways so quite a lot of

06:54

the work comes directly from questions

06:57

raised by Sea Life staff and

06:58

particularly, James of the curator two

07:01

questions which save I have pondered on

07:03

for a while or they've just recently

07:05

seen and they want to know an answer to

07:07

you and that's where obviously we come

07:09

into it and we can design projects we

07:11

can look into the amount of replication

07:13

needed and we can actually implement

07:15

that with quite a strong well-educated

07:18

labour force i.e. our students.

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