Professor of Behaviour Change and Weight Management
Joint appointment as Senior Research Specialist with Slimming World
Core expertise and 25 years research experience in appetite science, nutrition, exercise and energy balance, necessarily incorporating body composition, human behaviour, physiology and psychology of food intake, diet composition, obesity.
Eight years of industry experience and academic collaborations in developing applied solutions to weight control among in the general population, with a special interest in sustained weight loss, relapse prevention and weight maintenance strategies.
I specialise in collaborative multidisciplinary projects concerned with appetite, energy balance, weight management, behaviour change, health and well being.
Design and conduct integrated human trials and interventions and studies concerned with diet composition, physical activity, energy balance, weight control and obesity.
Carbohydrates, appetite and energy balance in humans.
Macronutrients and satiety.
Energy density as a primary determinant of energy intake.
Physiological and psychological responses to diet -induced energy deficits.
Detecting and modelling mis-reporting of dietary intakes and implications for large-scale diet surveys.
Susceptibility and resistance to diet-induced obesity.
Relapse prevention and weight loss maintenance.
Determining the relationship between energy intake and expenditure in relation to body composition.
Developing more effective interventions and tools for behaviour change, weight loss and maintenance.
Safety and efficacy trials/assessments.
Implementation of diet and behaviour change solutions for consumers.
Development and implementation of new innovations in behaviour change and weight management.
Membership of professional bodies
Association for the Study of Obesity.
European Association for the Study of Obesity.
BA: Biological Anthropology.
PhD: Macronutrients Appetite and Energy Balance in Humans.
Self-regulation and emotion regulation in weight loss and maintenance. Association for the Study of Obesity, Industry sponsored symposium, Glasgow. 2015.
Satiety in the context of weight management. Association for the Study of Obesity, London, UK. 2015.
Weight Management: Latest Science update. Nutritionists in Industry meeting, London, UK. 2014.
Implementing Behaviour change through group support. Industry Sponsored symposium at the European Congress on Obesity, Liverpool. 2013.
Weight control and behaviour change. British Nutrition Foundation annual conference, London, UK. 2012.
Behavioural approaches to weight maintenance & relapse. Seminar at Oxford Brookes University, Oxford, UK. 2010.
Practical measures to enhance satiety and weight control. British Nutrition Foundation annual conference, London, UK. 2009.
Cross talk between physical activity and eating behaviour. International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity annual meeting Portugal. 2009.
Predictors and correlates of weight loss and its maintenance: Where have we been and where are we going? International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity annual meeting Portugal. 2009.
Evidence-based approaches for continuing enhancement of weight control solutions in a commercial setting. Nutrition Society satellite meeting at the University of Surrey, UK. 2009.
Obesity and implementation of behaviour change in the general population. Obesity: The welfare regimes hypothesis. Unit for Biocultural Variation and Obesity, Oxford University, UK. 2009.
Oral communciations and Posters
Buckland NJ, Dalton M, Stubbs RJ, Hetherington MM, Finlayson G. Identifying the psychological, nutrient and sensory attributes of foods used for weight management in dieting and non-dieting consumers. Appetite 2015, 87; 390 (Poster).
Duarte C, Matos M, Gail C, Morris L, Stubbs RJ, Gilbert P. The impact of self-criticism and self-reasurance on weight related positive and negative affect and well-being in participants of a commercial weight management programme. Obesity Facts 2015; 8 (Supplement 1): 183 (Poster).
Duarte C, Matos M, Gail C, Morris L, Stubbs RJ, Gilbert P. The impact of shame, self-criticism and social rank on eating psychopathology in overweight and obese members of a commercial weight management programme.Obesity Facts 2015; 8 (Supplement 1): 182 (Poster).
Stubbs RJ, Heitmann BL, Sniehotta FF, Teixeira PJ, Matos M, Horgan G, Clissman C, Lähteenmäki L, Ermes M, Ladha C, Sacher PM, Woodward E. NoHoW: Evidence-based ICT tools for weight loss maintenance. Obesity Facts 2015; 8 (Supplement 1): 127 (Poster).
Stubbs RJ, Greenwood L, Caven J, Morris L. Emotional and behavioural responses to perceived weight discrimination before and after substantial weight loss. Obesity Facts 2015; 8 (Supplement 1): 118 (Poster).
Buckland NJ, Dalton M, Stubbs RJ, Hetherington MM, Blundell JE, Finlayson G. Exploring the relationship between cognitive, sensory and nutritional food attributes and the perceived satiety potential of food. Obesity Facts 2015; 8 (Supplement 1): 100 (Poster).
Hopkins M,FinlaysonG, Duarte C, Whybrow S, Ritz P, Horgan GW, BlundellJE and StubbsRJ. What is the role of fat-free mass and resting metabolic rate in the control of food intake? Obesity Facts 2015; 8 (Supplement 1): 49 (Oral Communication).
Avery A, Stubbs J, Pallister C, Lavin J. Changes in self-esteem associated with weight change in longer-term participants of a commercial weight management programme. Obesity Facts 2013; 6 (Supplement 1): 178 (Poster) .
Pallister C, Stubbs J, Morris L, Avery A, Lavin J. 12 month weight outcomes in 45,395 high-engagers with the Slimming World weight management programme. Obesity Facts 2013; 6 (Supplement 1): 189 (Poster).
Pallister C, Stubbs J, Morris L, Avery A, Lavin J. Slimming World on Referral: weight-management outcomes from a new enhanced service. Obesity Facts 2013; 6 (Supplement 1): 115 (Poster).
Stubbs J, Morris L, Pallister C, Avery A, Horgan G, Lavin J. Weight outcomes as a function of BMI in 1.2 million members of a commercial weight management programme. Obesity Facts 2013; 6 (Supplement 1): 189 (Poster).
Stubbs J, Whybrow S, Avery A, Pallister C, Lavin J. Weight outcomes in longer-term participants of the Slimming World programme. Obesity Facts 2013; 6 (Supplement 1): 120 (Poster).
Stubbs J, Whybrow S, Avery A, Pallister C, J L. Weight outcomes in 1.2 million Slimming World members during their initial 3 months’ membership Obesity Facts 2013; 6 (Supplement 1): 189 (Poster).
Stubbs J, Whybrow S, Avery A, Pallister C, Lavin J. Global self-esteem in longer-term members of Slimming World Obesity Facts 2013; 6 (Supplement 1): 175 (Poster).
Whybrow S, Stubbs J, Avery A, Pallister C, Lavin J, McConnon A, Raats M. Quality of life in longer-term members of a commercial weight loss organisation. Obesity Facts 2013; 6 (Supplement 1): 173 (Poster).
Whybrow S, Gibbs M, van Baak M, Larsen T, Lindroos A, Papadaki A, Pfeiffer A, Martinez J, Handjieva-Darlenska T, Hlavaty P, Astrup A, Saris W & Stubbs J. Comparison of the Slimming World eating plan and Diogenes intervention diets using a Healthy Diet Index. Obesity Facts 2012; 5 (Supplement 1): 198 (Poster).
Stubbs J, Brogelli D, Whybrow S, Avery A, Pallister CJ, Lavin J. 24-week referral to Slimming World from primary care: Weight outcomes for 4,754 adults. Obesity Facts 2012; 5 (Supplement 1): 215 (Poster).
Stubbs J, Brogelli D, Pallister C, Whybrow S, Avery A, Lavin JH. Weight outcomes of 497,777 participants in Slimming World's programme during the first 12 weeks of membership. Obesity Facts 2012; 5 (Supplement 1): 232 (Poster).
Stubbs J, Brogelli D, Avery A, Pallister C, Lavin J. Referral to a commercial organisation is as effective for people with high BMIs as for those who are moderately overweight. Obesity Facts 2012; 5 (Supplement 1): 226. (Poster).
Whybrow S, Westenhoefer J, Engel D, McConnon A, Gibbs M, Raats M & Stubbs RJ. Dietary restraint and weight loss maintenance in members of a commercial weight loss organisation. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 2011; 70: E402. doi: 10.1017/S0029665111004873 (Poster).
Whybrow S, Pallister C, Gibbs M, Stubbs RJ. The financial costs of a healthy eating weight-loss diet. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 2011; 70: E170. doi:10.1017/S0029665111002217 (Oral Communication).
Whybrow S, McConnon A, Gibbs M, Raats M, Stubbs J. Demographic factors do not predict weight loss maintenance in members of a commercial weight loss organisation. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 2011; 70: E403. doi:10.1017/S0029665111004885 (Poster).
Stubbs RJ, McConnon A, Gibbs M, Raats M, Whybrow S. Changes in lifestyle habits and behaviours are associated with weight loss maintenance in members of a commercial weight loss organisation. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 2011; 70: E404. doi:10.1017/S0029665111004897 (Poster).
Stubbs RJ, Pallister C, Avery A, Allan J, Lavin J. Behaviour change in a survey of weight-loss maintainers using the Slimming World programme. Obesity Reviews 2010; 11 (supplement 1): 292 (Poster).
Stubbs J, Whybrow S, Pallister C, Allan J, Lavin J. Effects of slimming world’s programme on dietary energy density. Obesity Reviews 2010; 11 (supplement 1): 438 (Poster).
Pallister C, Avery A, Stubbs J, Lavin J, M B. Slimming World on Referral in partnership with NHS Bristol: repeated referral up to 48 week. Obesity Reviews 2010; 11 (supplement 1): 236 (Poster).
Experience in industry
Safety and efficacy trials/assessments
Principal investigator for 6 projects examining safety and efficacy of novel functional food products with reference to nutrient bioavailability, appetite and energy balance.
Consultant for several commercial organisations examining evidence underlying functional food product development.
Site Principal investigator for a multi-centre phase III randomised controlled trial of an appetite suppressant drug.
Design, implementation and publication of the UK’s largest audits of community-based weight management programme in partnership with primary care services (n = 34,271) and in community-based weight management programmes (n = 1,356,105).
Reviewing the effects of nutrient mimetics on appetite and energy balance.
Evidence-based evaluations of the potential applications of functional food ingredients.
Developed the nutritional science underpinning the dietary programme of a commercial weight management organisation.
Developing and implementing weight loss maintenance tools for those who have lost weight with a commercial behaviour change programme.
Currently incorporating compassion-focussed modules targeted at emotion regulation into the company weight management portfolio of behaviour change tools, with Professor Paul Gilbert, University of Derby.
Implementation of diet and behavioural solutions for consumers
Designed and managed data collection and analysis for the Slimming World cohort (n = 1514) of the Diogenes project.
Developed an evidence base for diet and lifestyle solutions that benefit health and well-being and implement behaviour change on a scale that reaches communities across the UK.
Researched the impact of group support on the diet and lifestyle behaviour of consumers and their families.
Identified the key behaviour change approaches associated with successful and sustainable weight loss and using these insights to facilitate weight loss and develop weight maintenance strategies for the 800,000 weekly participants of the Slimming World programme.
Design of a randomised cross-over study to examine the impact of a new food product range on appetite and food intake.
National and international experience in Industry Sponsored and Grant funded multidisciplinary research collaborations.
CA, co-applicant; LA, lead applicant; PI, principal investigator; RTD research, technology and dissemination line, CO, Co-coordinator, CCO, Co co-ordinator. BBSRC, Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council; BCCCA, Biscuit, Chocolate, Cake and Confectionary Alliance; SEERAD, Scottish Executive Environmental and Rural Affairs Department.
2014 €1.1M, €5M (Total) EU. WP leader RCT PI and partner leading 2 of 8 workpackages and partner responsible for the design of a third industry workpackage.
2013 £103k Slimming World PI Controlled trial examining the impact of compassion-focussed approaches on well-being and weight outcomes in members of a commercial weight management organisation.
2006-2012 Slimming World. Design, co-ordinate, commission, present and publish Slimming World sponsored research projects including a £400k controlled trial with the University of Leeds and grants in aid of research to the Derby NHS Trust.
2006-2012 €202k Slimming World. PI, RTD CCO Company contributions of resource to EC Framework VI contract No. FP6-513946: diet, obesity and genes.
2005 €1.9M, €14.M (Total) EU. RTD CO, RTD line coordinator and partner, EC Framework VI contract No. FP6-513946: diet, obesity and genes.
2004 £71k Masterfoods. LA, PI Assessment of the impact of a novel food product on appetite and energy intake.
2004 £450k Sanofi-Aventis. CA Site PI Phase III clinical trial on Rimonabant and eating behaviour.
2004 £293k BBSRC CA Inter-individual variability in compensatory responses to exercise interventions.
2004 £105k Slimming World. LA, PI Examining the efficacy of different weight reducing strategies.
2002 £36k Food Standards Agency. LA, PI Meta-analysis of mis-reporting of food intake in diet surveys.
2001 £13k Proctor and Gamble. PI Review of the effect of ingesting olestra-based foods on feeding.
2001 £12k DuPont. PI Nutritional attributes and potential applications of functional components of cereal products.
2001 £25k Slimming World. LA, PI Impacts of dietary protein on the prevention of weight regain.
2000 £10k BCCCA. LA, PI Further analysis of the impact of adding commercially available snacks to the diet of consumers.
2000 £350k EU. CA Site PI Framework V QLK1-2000-00515, DIET AND OBESITY. Resistance and susceptibility to diet induced obesity.
2000 £315k SEERAD. CA Site PI Whole animal goal-oriented research in food intake studies.
1999 £174k BCCCA. LA, PI Examination of the impact of adding commercially available snacks to the diet of consumers.
1998 £70k Boots Ltd. LA, PI Effect of a novel food-based ingredient on plasma lipids, fat bioavailability, appetite and body weight in obese humans.
1998 £60k Alizyme Therapeutics Ltd. LA, PI Effect of novel functional food compound on fat bioavailability and plasma triglycerides in overweight and obese humans.
1997 £337k Food Standards Agency, UK. LA, PI Detecting and modelling misreporting of dietary intake in humans.
1997 £75k Slimming World. LA, PI The impact of rate and extent of weight loss on physiological and psychological function and subsequent weight regain.
1997 £30k Scottish Office. CA Site PI The impact of rate and extent of weight loss on physiological and psychological function.
1997 £100k Scottish Health Dept. LA, PI Intervention examining the impact of fruit and vegetable supplementation on intake and energy balance in humans.
1995 £130k Sugar Bureau. LA, PI The interaction between exercise, soft drink consumption and weight control.
1994 £13.5k Slimming World. LA, PI The role of protein in appetite suppression.
1994 £182k BBSRC. CA Site PI Exercise, appetite and energy balance.
In the media
I regularly provide comment and opinion on aspects of energy balance, weight control, diet and lifestyle to academic and lay audiences, through publications and presentations press, radio and television.
Stubbs J, Morris L, Pallister C, Avery A, Horgan G, Lavin J. Weight outcomes audit in 1.3 million adults during their first 3 month’s attendance in a commercial weight management programme. BMC Public Health 2015, 15; 822. doi:10.1186/s12889-015-2225-0.
Hopkins M,FinlaysonG, Duarte C, Whybrow S, Ritz P, Horgan GW, BlundellJE and StubbsRJ. Modelling the associations between fat-free mass, resting metabolic rate and energy intake in the context of total energy balance. International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders 2015 doi:10.1038/ijo.2015.155.
Stubbs J, Hillier S, Pallister C, Avery A, McConnon A and Lavin J. Changes in Self-esteem in Participants Associated with Weight- loss and Maintenance of Commercial Weight Management Programme. Obesity & Control Therapies: Open Access 2015, 2, 1-5.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15226/2374-8354/2/1/00115.
Whybrow S, Stubbs RJ, Johnstone AM, O'Reilly LM, Fuller Z, Livingstone MBE and Horgan GW. Plausible self-reported dietary intakes in a residential facility are not necessarily reliable. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2015, doi:10.1038/ejcn.2015.124
Siervo M, Faber P, LaraJ, Gibney ER, Eric MilneE, Ritz P, LobleyGE, Marinos EliaM, StubbsRJ, Johnstone AM. Imposed rate and extent of weight loss in obese men and adaptive changes in resting and total energy expenditure. Metabolism 2015, 64; 896-904.
Buckland NJ, Stubbs RJ, Finlayson G. Towards a satiety map of common foods: Associations between perceived satiety value of 100 foods and their objective and subjective attributes 2015. doi:10.1016/j.physbeh.2015.07.001
Buckland NJ, Dalton M, Stubbs RJ, Hetherington MM, Blundell JE, Finlayson G. Associations between nutritional properties of food and consumer perceptions related to weight management. Food Quality and Preference 2015, 45; 18-25.
Gilbert J, Stubbs RJ, Gale C, Gilbert P, Dunk L, Thomson L. A qualitative study of the understanding and use of ‘compassion focused coping strategies’ in people who suffer from serious weight difficulties. Journal of Compassionate Health Care 2014, 1:9.
Stubbs RJ, O’Reilly LM, Whybrow S, Fuller Z, Johnstone AM, Livingstone MBE, Ritz P, Horgan GW. Measuring the difference between actual and reported food intakes in the context of energy balance under laboratory conditions. British Journal of Nutrition. 2014, doi:10.1017/S0007114514000154
Stubbs RJ, Brogelli DJ, Barber J, Pallister C, Whybrow S, Avery A and Lavin J. Service evaluation of weight outcomes as a function of initial BMI in 34,271adults referred to a primary care/commercial weight management partnership scheme. BMC Research Notes 2013, 6:161. doi:10.1186/1756-0500-6-161.
McConnon A, Horgan GW, Lawton C, Stubbs J, Shepherd R, Astrup A, Handjieva-Darlenska T, Kunová V, Larsen TL, Lindroos AK, Martinez J A, Papadaki A, Pfeiffer AF,van Baak MA, Raats M. Experience and acceptability of diets of varying protein and glycemic index in an obese cohort: results from the Diogenes trial. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2013. 67(9):990-5. doi: 10.1038/ejcn.2013.99.
McConnon A, Gribble R, Raats M, Stubbs J, Shepherd R. Health professionals’, expert patients’ and dieters’ beliefs and attitudes about obesity. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics 2013. 26(6):612-6. doi: 10.1111/jhn.12085. Epub 2013 Mar 18.
Stubbs RJ, Lavin J. The challenges of implementing behaviour changes that lead to sustained weight management. Nutrition Bulletin 2013: 38; 5-22.
Westenhoefer J, Engel D, Holst C, Lorenz J, Peacock M, Stubbs J, Whybrow S & Raats M. Cognitive and weight-related correlates of flexible and rigid restrained eating behaviour. Eating Behaviours 2013; 14: 69-72. doi: 10.1016/j.eatbeh.2012.10.015.
Stubbs J, Brogelli D, Pallister C, Avery A, McConnon, Lavin, J. Behavioural and motivational factors associated with weight loss and maintenance in a commercial weight management programme. Open Obesity Journal 2012; 4 35-43.
Whybrow S, Ritz P, Horgan GW, Stubbs RJ. An evaluation of the IDEEA activity monitor for estimating energy expenditure. British Journal of Nutrition 2012:1-11. doi: S0007114512000645 [pii]10.1017/S0007114512000645.
Stubbs J, Pallister C, Avery A, Allan J, Lavin J. Weight, body mass index and behaviour change in a commercially run lifestyle programme for young people. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics 2012; 25: 161-6. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-277X.2011.01224.x.
Stubbs J, Brogelli D, Pallister C, Whybrow S, Avery A, Lavin J. Attendance and weight outcomes in 4,754 adults referred over six months to a primary care/commercial weight management partnership scheme. Clinical Obesity 2012; 2: 6-14.
Avery A, Pallister C, Allan J, Stubbs J, Lavin J. An initial evaluation of a family-based approach to weight management in adolescents attending a community weight management group. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics 2012. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-277X.2012.01277.x.
Stubbs RJ, Pallister C, Whybrow S, Avery A, Lavin J. Weight outcomes audit for 34,271 adults referred to a primary care/commercial weight management partnership scheme. Obesity Facts 2011; 4: 113-20. doi: 000327249 [pii]10.1159/000327249.
Stubbs J, Whybrow S, Teixeira P, Blundell J, Lawton C, Westenhoefer J, Engel D, Shepherd R, McConnon A, Gilbert P & Raats M. Problems in identifying predictors and correlates of weight loss and maintenance: implications for weight control therapies based on behaviour change. Obesity Reviews 2011; 12: 688-708. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-789X.2011.00883.x.
Stubbs RJ, Whybrow S, Lavin J. Dietary and lifestyle measures to enhance satiety and weight control. Nutrition Bulletin 2010; 35: 113-25.
Siervo M, Faber P, Gibney ER, Lobley GE, Elia M, Stubbs RJ & Johnstone AM. Use of the cellular model of body composition to describe changes in body water compartments after total fasting, very low calorie diet and low calorie diet in obese men.
International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders 2010; 34: 908-18. doi: ijo20109 [pii]10.1038/ijo.2010.9.
Wermter AK, Scherag A, Holter K, Reichwald K, Lichtner P, Siegfried W, Blundell J, Lawton C, Whybrow S, Stubbs J, Arch JR, Meitinger T, Platzer M, Hinney A & Hebebrand J. Procolipase gene: no association with early-onset obesity or fat intake. Obesity Facts 2009; 2: 40-4. doi: 000196379 [pii]10.1159/000196379.
Pallister C, Avery A, Stubbs J, Lavin J. Influence of Slimming World's lifestyle programme on diet, activity behaviour and health of participants and their families. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics 2009; 22: 351-8. doi: JHN959 [pii]10.1111/j.1365-277X.2009.00959.x.
Ogden J, Stavrinaki M, Stubbs J. Understanding the role of life events in weight loss and weight gain. Psychology Health and Medicine 2009; 14: 239-49.
King NA, Hopkins M, Caudwell P, Stubbs RJ, Blundell JE. Beneficial effects of exercise: shifting the focus from body weight to other markers of health. British Journal of Sports Medicine 2009; 43: 924-7. doi: bjsm.2009.065557 [pii]10.1136/bjsm.2009.065557.
King NA, Caudwell PP, Hopkins M, Stubbs RJ, Naslund E, Blundell JE. Dual-process action of exercise on appetite control: increase in orexigenic drive but improvement in meal-induced satiety. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2009; 90: 921-7. doi: ajcn.2009.27706 [pii]10.3945/ajcn.2009.27706.
Caudwell P, Hopkins M, King NA, Stubbs RJ, Blundell JE. Exercise alone is not enough: weight loss also needs a healthy (Mediterranean) diet? Public Health Nutrition 2009; 12: 1663-6. doi: S1368980009990528 [pii]10.1017/S1368980009990528.
Chapters and Reviews
Stubbs RJ. Controlling appetite and food intake by regulating eating frequency and timing. In: Gill T., ed. Managing and preventing obesity: behavioural factors and dietary interventions. Woodhead Publishing, 2014.
Stubbs RJ. Consumer understanding of satiation, satiety and related health claims. In: Blundell J.E, Bellisle F., eds. Satiation, Satiety and the control of food intake. Woodhead Publishing, 2013.
Stubbs RJ, Gail C, Whybrow S, Gilbert P. The evolutionary inevitability of obesity in modern society: implications for behavioral solutions to weight control in the general population. In: Martinez MP, Robinson H, eds. Obesity and Weight Management: Challenges, Practices and Health Implications: Novo Publishing, 2012.
Teixeira PJ, Stubbs RJ, King NA, Whybrow S, Blundell JE. Exercise and management of overweight and obesity. In Saxton JM, ed. Exercise and Chronic Disease: An Evidence-Based Approach. Routledge, Oxon 2011: 297-321
Stubbs RJ, Blundell J. Appetite: Psychobiological and behavioural aspects. The Enclyclopedia of Human Nutrition 3rd Edition. London, 2011.
Whybrow S, King N, Stubbs RJ. Exercise, Appetite and Energy Balance. The International Handbook of Behavior, Diet and Nutrition, 2010.
Blundell JE, de Graaf K, Finlayson G., Halford CG, Hehterington M, King N & Stubbs, RJ. Measuring food intake, hunger, satiety and satiation in the laboratory. In: Allison DB, Baskin ML, eds. Assessment methods for eating behaviours and weight-related problems: Measures, theory and research. Thousand Oaks, California: SAGE publications, 2009.