Advanced Materials, Manufacturing and Composites Engineering Research Cluster - College of Engineering and Technology - University of Derby

Advanced Materials, Manufacturing and Composites Engineering Research Cluster

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The Mechanical/Manufacturing Engineering Research Cluster was developed in 1995. The research activities within this Cluster focus mainly upon Advanced Materials, Manufacturing Techniques and Systems, Thermofluids and Mechanical Analysis by CFD and FEA, Manufacturing Management and Mechatronics. There have been newly developed research activities in areas such as Aerospace Engineering, Composite Engineering, Surface Engineering, Additive Manufacturing, and Motorsport Engineering. The emerging and development of such technologies are the fundamental stone for the country's economic development.

Material selection and rapid prototyping of turbocharger (right hand side) for diesel enginesCurrent research projects are mainly industrial application projects with more fundamental research projects being developed for the future. This will ensure the Cluster will become not only the strong technical support centre for SME enterprises in knowledge transfer and knowledge application but also a fundamental research centre.

The Research Cluster has acknowledged expertise in the following areas:

Advanced Materials, Manufacturing and Composites Engineering 

  • Advanced materials including fibre and nanocomposites
  • Advanced surface engineering and tribology
  • Biomedical engineering materials and bio-interaction
  • Advanced manufacturing including additive manufacturing
  • Application of VR in manufacturing engineering
  • Optimisation of manufacturing technologies and organisations
  • Lean and strategic operational management‌

Recent publications (since 2014) in AMMC:

  1. Meng, M., Rizvi, M.J., Le, H.R., Grove, S.M. Multi-scale modelling of moisture diffusion coupled with stress distribution in CFRP laminated composites. Composite Structures 138(2016) 295-304. DOI: 10.1016/j.compstruct.2015.11.028
  2. Meng, M., Rizvi, M.J., Grove, S.M., Le, H.R. Effects of hygrothermal stress on the failure of CFRP composites. Composite Structures, 133 (2015) 1024-1035, Doi: 10.1016/j.compstruct.2015.08.016.
  3. Meng, M., Le, H.R., Rizvi, M.J., Grove, S.M. The effects of unequal compressive/tensile moduli of composites. Composite Structures, Volume 126 (2015), Pages 207–215. Doi: 10.1016/j.compstruct.2015.02.064
  4. Meng, M., Le, H.R., Rizvi, M.J., Grove, S.M. 3D FEA modelling of laminated composites in bending and their failure mechanisms, Composite Structures, 119 (2015) 693-708. DOI: 10.1016/j.compstruct.2014.09.048
  5. Le, H. R., Collins, K, Greaves, D., Bellamy, N. Mechanics and Materials in the Design of a Buckling Diaphragm Wave Energy Converter. Materials and Design, 79 (2015) 86-93. DOI: 10.1016/j.matdes.2015.04.041.
  6. Le, H. R. Stewart, F., Williams, J. A. A Simplified Model of Surface Burnishing and Friction in Repeated Make-up of Premium Tubular Connections, Tribology Letters, 59:35, 2015. DOI: 10.1007/s11249-015-0562-x.
  7. Klaudio, B. Experimental and Simulation Analyses for Synthetic and Biodegradable Impellers, Proceedings of Advanced Materials World Congress, Stockholm, Sweden, 23-26 August 2015.
  8. Liyanage K. and GBEDEDO M. A. (2014), Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) adoption strategy for strategic supply chain, 12th International Conference on Manufacturing Research, UK.
  9. Shao F., Hon K.K.B., Ding Z.Y. Virtual assembly for complex aerospace products- a case study on the assembly of an aircraft wing. Flexible Automation and Intelligent Manufacturing, FAIM 2015, Wolverhampton, UK.
  10. Sieh, R., Le, H. R., Cree, A. Process optimisation of non-cyanide Ag-PTFE metal matrix composite plating for threaded connections. Transactions of the Institute of Materials Finishing, 93:5 (2015) 232-240. doi: 10.1179/0020296715Z.000000000256.
    1. Danookdharree, U., Le, H. R., Tredwin, C. The effect of initial etching sites on the morphology of anodised TiO2 nanotubes on Ti-6Al-4V alloy. Journal of Electrochemical Society, 162 (10) RE213-222, 2015. DOI: 10.1149/2.0011511jes.
  11. Manikandan, P., Sieh, R., Elayaperumal, A., Le, H. R., and Basu, S. Micro/Nanostructure and Tribological Characteristics of Pressureless Sintered Carbon Nanotubes Reinforced Aluminium Matrix Composites, Journal of Nanomaterials, vol. 2016, Article ID 9843019, 2016. doi:10.1155/2016/9843019.
  12. Natesan, K., Shah, W., Le, H. R., Moate, R., Tredwin, C. A Critical Comparison on Biocompatibility of Different Phases of Sol-gel Derived Calcium Phosphates as Bone Graft Materials. Journal of Biomaterials and Tissue Engineering, 5(8) 655-664. DOI: 10.1166/jbt.2015.1364

For further information, please contact: ‌

Professor Huirong Le
Tel: 01332 593599

Design Analysis, Vehicle Dynamics and Thermofluids;

  • Development/validation/application of Large-Eddy Simulation for turbulent flow
  • Flow instability and transition
  • Heat transfer, combustion and two phase flow
  • Turbulence and turbulence modelling
  • Turbomachinery
  • Design analysis and optimisation using CFD and FEA
  • Vehicle and drive simulators with closed loop control systems
  • Vehicle dynamics and dynamics modelling
  • Fuel transfer/refuelling

Large Eddy Simulation

Large-Eddy Simulation of separated boundary layer transition. Transition from laminar to turbulence in separated flow occurs in a wide range of practical engineering applications. The transition process has a great influence on the flow development downstream and it is very important to have a good understanding of the flow physics involved in order to predict it accurately, and to control it when needed. The above picture shows the transition process in a separated boundary layer on a flat plate with a semi-circular leading edge.

Recent Publications (since 2014) in DVT:

  1. Choopanya, P. and Yang, Z. (2016) An effective mesh strategy for CFD modelling of polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, in press.
  2. Abdalla, I. E, Alajmi, A. and Yang, Z. (2015) Numerical study of the combustion of conventional and BioFuels using reduced and advanced reaction mechanisms. Thermal Science, Vol. 19 (6). pp. 2171-2184.
  3. Choopanya, P. and Yang, Z. (2015) A CFD investigation of effects of flow-field geometry on transient performance of an automotive polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell. Computational Thermal Sciences, Vol. 7 (2). pp. 93-104.
  4. Yang, Z. (2015) Large-eddy simulation: past, present and the future. Chinese Journal of Aeronautics, Vol. 28 (1). pp. 11-24.
  5. Walton, M. and Yang, Z. (2014) Numerical study of effusion cooling flow and heat transfer. International Journal of Computational Methods and Experimental Measurements, Vol. 2 (4). pp. 331-345.
  6. Yang, Z. (2014) Assessment of unsteady-RANS approach against steady-RANS approach for predicting twin Impinging jets in a cross-flow. Cogent Engineering, Vol. 1 (1).
  7. Yang, Z. (2014) Large-eddy simulation: a glance at the past, a gaze at the present, a glimpse at the future. In: the 5th International Symposium on Jet Propulsion and Power Engineering, 15th - 17th September 2014, Beijing, China.
  8. Choopanya, P. and Yang, Z. (2014) Transient performance investigation of different flow-field designs of automotive polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell using computational fluid dynamics. In: the 10th International Conference on Heat Transfer, Fluid Mechanics and Thermodynamics, 14 – 16 July 2014, Florida, USA.
  9. AlHomoud, S.S., Harmanto, D. and Oraifige, I., “An Investigation into the Effect of Drag Coefficient on Overtaking of Car”, Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vol. 493, pp. 151-154, Jan. 2014.
  10. Harmanto, D., Mudjanarko, S. W. and Setiawan, I., “CFD simulation for predicting the wind effect on the high rise building: NET Tower Surabaya, Proceedings of Narotama International Conference on Civil Engineering 2015, ISBN: 978-602-72437-2-9.
  11. Lu, Y., Li, W., Oraifige, I., and Wang, W., “Converging parallel plate flow chambers for studies on the effect of the spatial gradient of wall shear stress on endothelial cells”, Journal of Biosciences and Medicines, 2014, Vol. 2, No. 2 April 2014, pp 50-56.
  12. Lu, Y., Li, W., Oraifige, I. and Wang, W. Design of parallel plate flow chambers and endothelial cell response. Spring Congress on Engineering and Technology, Shanghai, April, 2014.
  13. Liu, Y., Lu, Y., Dean, A., Hunter, R. J., Schilling, R. J., Wang, W. (2015) Wall stress distribution in the human left atrium: Implication for abnormal electrophysiology in atrial fibrillation". Submitted to Journal of Biomechanics, 2016.

For further information, please contact:

Professor Zhiyin Yang
Tel: 01332 593588